The Parthian War. Anatolia, western Caucasus and northern Levant under Trajan. On Ardaches, see below, p. 17, n. 4. Trajan - Trajan - Military campaigns: Trajan’s civil accomplishments were impressive but, except for the alimenta, not innovative. It was behaviour unlikely to win friends for Jews or Judaism in the Greek and Roman world. Yet the vastness of the Parthian empire was one of its strengths. The Parthian War. During the reign of Nero (50's - 60's AD), a major campaign to ensure Roman hegemony over Armenia was conducted under Cnaeus Domitius Corbulo. They even placed a puppet on the throne of Armenia in 110 AD. Trajan was the first emperor to carry out a successful invasion of Mesopotamia. Despite his title Germanicus, his first year on the Rhine-Danube frontier was not marked by any major conquest. The Parthian campaign began in 105/106 AD, and it took place at a time when that Empire had been weakened by a series of civil wars. II also came: and Eutropius mentions the kings of the Albani, Iberi, Colchi, Bosporani and Sarmatae. How free a hand the Parthians permitted the Jews is perhaps best illustrated by the rise of a small Jewish outlaw state in Nehardea. The Jewish rebellion sabotaged Rome's Parthian campaign and wrecked many cities of the eastern Mediterranean. The Parthian empire was large, tolerant and weak. Still more remarkable is the conversion of the vassal kingdom of Adiabene to Judaism also in the 1st century C.E. Trajan wished to soundly defeat the Parthians and annex Armenia as a Roman territory. The last two peoples although living on the north of the Black Sea may have been summoned to give pledges for their good behaviour during Trajan's absence on campaign. Trajan's Parthian campaign is considered, in different ways, the climax of "two centuries of political posturing and bitter rivalry." Trajan's Parthian campaign, also known as Trajan's Parthian War, was engaged by Roman emperor Trajan in the year 115 against the Parthian Empire in Mesopotamia.The war was initially successful for the Romans, but due to a series of setbacks, including wide-scale rebellions in the Eastern Mediterranean and North Africa, as well as Trajan's death in 117, ended in a Roman withdrawal. Trajan's Parthian campaign, also known as the Trajan's Parthian War, was engaged by Roman emperor Trajan in the year 115 against the Parthian Empire in Mesopotamia. Dating from the eastern conquests of Licinius Lucullus and Pompey Magnus in the 60's BC and into the imperial period, Roman expansion made conflict with Parthia inevitable. Trajan's Parthian War and the Fourth-Century Perspective* - Volume 80 - C. S. Lightfoot. In the end, apart from glory for Trajan and booty aplenty for those of his troops who survived the campaign, Trajan’s Parthian War achieved nothing, at considerable cost. 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